Walter Gropius founds the Staatliche Bauhaus Weimar as a school with workshops for craft design, architecture and visual arts.
The Bauhaus Weimar presents a show of its new works. Gropius formulates the basic principle, which recognises industry as the defining power of the time, “Art and technology - a new unit.“
Move to Dessau and resumption of lessons. The Bauhaus building, planned by Gropius is occupied as of 1926. The entire ensemble of Bauhaus buildings is constructed by 1928.
Walter Gropius steps down. The second director, Hannes Meyer, expands the architecture department. His maxim is, “The needs of the people instead of the need for luxury.“ Industrially produced products are to become more widely affordable. Contacts to industry are intensified.
At the suggestion of Rasch, the first collection of the Bauhaus wallpaper, the so-called "blue Bauhaus card" with 14 surface patterns in 15 colour variations each, is created arising from a competition among the students.
The Bauhaus wallpaper develops to become the school’s most successful product. Hannes Meyer leaves the Bauhaus. The third director, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, succeeds him with a focus on architecture; all other areas and workshops are subordinated.
By decision of the National Socialist-dominated Dessau municipal council, the Bauhaus Dessau has to stop teaching. The continuation in Berlin as a private institute is made possible by license income among other methods.
On 11 April, the National Socialists have the school building sealed off. Three months later, the teachers decide to shut down the school completely.
Despite its short existence from 1919 to 1933, the Bauhaus remains a hallmark and example for architecture and design worldwide today.
Dr Emil Rasch, Managing Director had the vision of a Bauhaus wallpaper.
His sister Maria Rasch, a student of Kandinsky at the Bauhaus initiated the contact.
6 of the 14 patterns from the first Bauhaus collection 1930
The Bauhaus masters on the roof oft he Bauhaus in Dessau, 1926, (photo unknown, Bauhaus archive Berlin /Musée national d'art moderne/Centre de Création Industrielle, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, legs Nina Kandinsky)
Advertisement “Bauhaus Wallpapers“ October 1931, Rasch Archive